Anti-LGBT hate crimes range from harassment to violent assault to murder. They are committed against people because of who they are or how they are perceived by the perpetrator.
There is no statutory or official definition of what constitutes an anti-LGBT or homophobic hate crime.
The Stephen Lawrence Inquiry Report (recommendation 12) defines a racist incident as "any incident which is perceived to be racist by the victim or any other person".
The definition of an anti-LGBT or homophobic incident can be adopted by analogy with the definition of a racist incident: "any incident which is perceived to be homophobic or transphobic by the victim or any other person (that is directed to impact on those perceived to lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender)".
It is up to the victim or any other person to define whether it is an anti-LGBT or homophobic incident or hate crime.